WordPress, being one of the leading platforms for websites and blogs, is used by millions of individuals and corporate organizations for its incomparable features. Pingback is an important ingredient in the list of WordPress attractions because it lets the users enjoy several factors such as the increasing popularity and the improving search-results position of the site.
However, the overuse or misuse of pingback involves the bad results that can affect a blog intensely. Therefore, discussed here are the methods of preventing pingback vulnerability after brief information about pingback and its vulnerability.
What is WordPress Pingback?
WordPress pingback is the technique of backtrack, with which a blogger can write a post in reply to another person’s post, and link the post to the host post. In simpler words, it is a process that one blogger comment can act in response to another blogger’s subject, but the comment is not sent directly.
In fact, the comment is posted as a new post on the blogger’s blog so that his subscribers can witness the effectiveness of the comment words. It is a remarkable tool for the WordPress users because they can comment and increase the popularity of each other’s blog by sharing among their subscribers.
What is Pingback Vulnerability?
With the increasing risk in every area of a WordPress site, the world of online blogging has been affected tremendously by the pingback vulnerability. It is a type of risk where in the website of blog can get negatively affected by the actions of some developers or users who execute unethical practices. At present, there are four basic kinds of vulnerability, i.e. the Intel gathering, port scanning, DoS attacks and router hacking.
Starting with Intel gathering, here the attacker searches for some effective ports in the internal network of the targeted audience. Port scanning is a procedure wherein the webmasters and his website might get port-scan hosting service in the internal network.
The DoS attacks are the most efficient kind of vulnerability because the attacker gets the opportunity to pingback using a large number of sites for DoS attacks.
Lastly, the router hacking is the technique where an attacker can modify or reconfigure the internal router on the network and use unethically.
Methods to Prevent Pingback Vulnerability
The first and foremost method of preventing the vulnerability of Pingback on a website running on WordPress is by disabling the pingbacks and trackbacks. It is a straightforward technique for preventing the vulnerability of pingback because it simply doesn’t allow any pingbacks on a blog.
Although it is a simple measure, the method is not considered as appropriate by many WordPress users as it avoids the scope for genuine pingback from various sources. Hence, it is a preferable option for the WordPress users who give the priority to the security issues.
However, it has been reported that there are several powerful vulnerabilities that cannot be prevented by disabling the pingback option from the Settings menu. Therefore, it signifies that some vulnerability cannot be completely avoided. But, one can make efforts to minimize the effect of the vulnerability on the WordPress site. This can be done by locking things presented in the blog with some effective coding.
Every WordPress user is exposed to the usage of codes and plugins in WordPress sites because various features and tools can be added to a blog by using them. When it comes to security for preventing the vulnerabilities of pingback, a user can lock the things presented in a WordPress blog by entering the following code:
This code should be entered in the .htaccess file that can be modified by the administrator. A user can check its effectiveness by accessing the xmlrpc.php file presented in every major browser. When a page is successfully locked, a dialog comes up on the screen that says “403 – Forbidden message“.
There is an alternate method to execute the same procedure in the WordPress site. Under this method, the user can deny all access to the xmlrpc.php file. For implementing it on a WordPress site, the user needs to use the following code.
It should be noted that this code denies the access to a specific file to all the IP address. However, there is a similar technique that permits some IP addresses to access the xmlrpc.php file. To activate this feature, the user must use the following code in the .htaccess file.
It should be noted that all the methods of preventing the vulnerabilities from the pingback through the .htaccess file can be removed automatically. This happens when the risk is secured in the newer versions of WordPress that can be launched in the near future.
All the above-mentioned methods for preventing the vulnerabilities from the pingback in a WordPress site are used by millions of blogs and websites at present. There are dozens of websites running on WordPress that have experienced an improved result in their website by taking certain measures to prevent the vulnerabilities. Whatever be the method, the important part is to keep the website safe from vulnerabilities by implementing the chosen method effectively.